4515 Willard Ave. #2210
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
eniko.basa at verizon dot net
Fri, 07 Sep 2012 10:51:53 EDT by admin, 125296 views
Seth Low Professor Emeritus at Columbia University
Invited paper by Deák, István (all papers)
National Socialist Germany’s East European Allies and Ethnic Cleansing
The topic I seek to investigate concerns the relations between Germany and its numerous East European allies, as well as the relations among these allies. My first argument is that, far from having been powerless satellites, Slovakia, the Czech-Moravian Protectorate, Hungary, Romania, Croatia and Bulgaria were, to a large extent, masters of their own fate. The second argument is that the main wartime goal of the government and the majority population in these countries was to engage in ethnic cleansing, an endeavor in which they were generally successful. In this respect, it did not make any difference whether the East European country emerged victorious or defeated from the war; while all triumphed in their goal of ethnic cleansing, they all paid a heavy price in moral, cultural, and economic setbacks.
Brief Professional Bio:
Istvan Deak, who is Seth Low Professor Emeritus at Columbia University, was born in 1926 in Hungary and began his university studies there. Following his departure from Hungary in 1948, he studied history at the Sorbonne in Paris and worked as a journalist and librarian in both France and Germany. Since 1956, he has been residing in New York City where he studied modern European history at Columbia University. He obtained his PhD degree in 1964 and has been teaching at Columbia University, with some brief intermissions, ever since. He was the Director of the University's Institute on East Central Europe between 1968 and 1979.
Professor Deak's teaching and research interests are mainly in the history of Central and East Central Europe. His publications include, Weimar Germany's Left-wing Intellectuals: A Political History of the "Weltbuhne" and Its Circle (The University of California Press, 1968); The Lawful Revolution: Louis Kossuth and the Hungarians, 1848-1849 (Columbia University Press, 1979), for which he received the Lionel Trilling Book Award of Columbia College, and which also appeared in German and Hungarian, as well as Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848-1918 (Oxford University Press, 1990), which received, among other things, the Wayne S. Vucinich Book Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, and which also appeared in German, Hungarian, and Italian. His most recent publication is Essays on Hitler's Europe (University of Nebraska Press, 2001), which appeared also in Hungarian. He edited and partly wrote, together with Jan T. Gross and Tony Judt, The Politics of Retribution in Europe: World War II and Its Aftermath (Princeton University Press, 2000).
In 1990, Istvan Deak was elected into the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and in the course of his career, he received, among other things, the John S. Guggenheim fellowship and was invited as a fellow to the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, N.J., the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., and the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna, Austria. In 1999, he received the George Washington Award of the American Hungarian Foundation. The István Deák Visiting Professorship at Columbia University was established in 2005.
Since his retirement in 1997 Istvan Deak has been teaching at Columbia University as a special lecturer. In the spring of 1999 and in the fall of 2002 he was visiting professor at Stanford University.